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clog.c

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * clog.c
 *          PostgreSQL transaction-commit-log manager
 *
 * This module replaces the old "pg_log" access code, which treated pg_log
 * essentially like a relation, in that it went through the regular buffer
 * manager.  The problem with that was that there wasn't any good way to
 * recycle storage space for transactions so old that they'll never be
 * looked up again.  Now we use specialized access code so that the commit
 * log can be broken into relatively small, independent segments.
 *
 * XLOG interactions: this module generates an XLOG record whenever a new
 * CLOG page is initialized to zeroes.    Other writes of CLOG come from
 * recording of transaction commit or abort in xact.c, which generates its
 * own XLOG records for these events and will re-perform the status update
 * on redo; so we need make no additional XLOG entry here.  For synchronous
 * transaction commits, the XLOG is guaranteed flushed through the XLOG commit
 * record before we are called to log a commit, so the WAL rule "write xlog
 * before data" is satisfied automatically.  However, for async commits we
 * must track the latest LSN affecting each CLOG page, so that we can flush
 * XLOG that far and satisfy the WAL rule.      We don't have to worry about this
 * for aborts (whether sync or async), since the post-crash assumption would
 * be that such transactions failed anyway.
 *
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2009, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
 *
 * $PostgreSQL: pgsql/src/backend/access/transam/clog.c,v 1.53 2009/06/11 14:48:54 momjian Exp $
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
#include "postgres.h"

#include "access/clog.h"
#include "access/slru.h"
#include "access/transam.h"
#include "pg_trace.h"
#include "postmaster/bgwriter.h"

/*
 * Defines for CLOG page sizes.  A page is the same BLCKSZ as is used
 * everywhere else in Postgres.
 *
 * Note: because TransactionIds are 32 bits and wrap around at 0xFFFFFFFF,
 * CLOG page numbering also wraps around at 0xFFFFFFFF/CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE,
 * and CLOG segment numbering at 0xFFFFFFFF/CLOG_XACTS_PER_SEGMENT.  We need
 * take no explicit notice of that fact in this module, except when comparing
 * segment and page numbers in TruncateCLOG (see CLOGPagePrecedes).
 */

/* We need two bits per xact, so four xacts fit in a byte */
#define CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT    2
#define CLOG_XACTS_PER_BYTE 4
#define CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE (BLCKSZ * CLOG_XACTS_PER_BYTE)
#define CLOG_XACT_BITMASK     ((1 << CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT) - 1)

#define TransactionIdToPage(xid)    ((xid) / (TransactionId) CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE)
#define TransactionIdToPgIndex(xid) ((xid) % (TransactionId) CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE)
#define TransactionIdToByte(xid)    (TransactionIdToPgIndex(xid) / CLOG_XACTS_PER_BYTE)
#define TransactionIdToBIndex(xid)  ((xid) % (TransactionId) CLOG_XACTS_PER_BYTE)

/* We store the latest async LSN for each group of transactions */
#define CLOG_XACTS_PER_LSN_GROUP    32    /* keep this a power of 2 */
#define CLOG_LSNS_PER_PAGE    (CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE / CLOG_XACTS_PER_LSN_GROUP)

#define GetLSNIndex(slotno, xid)    ((slotno) * CLOG_LSNS_PER_PAGE + \
      ((xid) % (TransactionId) CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE) / CLOG_XACTS_PER_LSN_GROUP)


/*
 * Link to shared-memory data structures for CLOG control
 */
static SlruCtlData ClogCtlData;

#define ClogCtl (&ClogCtlData)


static int  ZeroCLOGPage(int pageno, bool writeXlog);
static bool CLOGPagePrecedes(int page1, int page2);
static void WriteZeroPageXlogRec(int pageno);
static void WriteTruncateXlogRec(int pageno);
static void TransactionIdSetPageStatus(TransactionId xid, int nsubxids,
                                       TransactionId *subxids, XidStatus status,
                                       XLogRecPtr lsn, int pageno);
static void TransactionIdSetStatusBit(TransactionId xid, XidStatus status,
                                      XLogRecPtr lsn, int slotno);
static void set_status_by_pages(int nsubxids, TransactionId *subxids,
                              XidStatus status, XLogRecPtr lsn);


/*
 * TransactionIdSetTreeStatus
 *
 * Record the final state of transaction entries in the commit log for
 * a transaction and its subtransaction tree. Take care to ensure this is
 * efficient, and as atomic as possible.
 *
 * xid is a single xid to set status for. This will typically be
 * the top level transactionid for a top level commit or abort. It can
 * also be a subtransaction when we record transaction aborts.
 *
 * subxids is an array of xids of length nsubxids, representing subtransactions
 * in the tree of xid. In various cases nsubxids may be zero.
 *
 * lsn must be the WAL location of the commit record when recording an async
 * commit.  For a synchronous commit it can be InvalidXLogRecPtr, since the
 * caller guarantees the commit record is already flushed in that case.  It
 * should be InvalidXLogRecPtr for abort cases, too.
 *
 * In the commit case, atomicity is limited by whether all the subxids are in
 * the same CLOG page as xid.  If they all are, then the lock will be grabbed
 * only once, and the status will be set to committed directly.  Otherwise
 * we must
 *     1. set sub-committed all subxids that are not on the same page as the
 *          main xid
 *     2. atomically set committed the main xid and the subxids on the same page
 *     3. go over the first bunch again and set them committed
 * Note that as far as concurrent checkers are concerned, main transaction
 * commit as a whole is still atomic.
 *
 * Example:
 *          TransactionId t commits and has subxids t1, t2, t3, t4
 *          t is on page p1, t1 is also on p1, t2 and t3 are on p2, t4 is on p3
 *          1. update pages2-3:
 *                            page2: set t2,t3 as sub-committed
 *                            page3: set t4 as sub-committed
 *          2. update page1:
 *                            set t1 as sub-committed,
 *                            then set t as committed,
                              then set t1 as committed
 *          3. update pages2-3:
 *                            page2: set t2,t3 as committed
 *                            page3: set t4 as committed
 *
 * NB: this is a low-level routine and is NOT the preferred entry point
 * for most uses; functions in transam.c are the intended callers.
 *
 * XXX Think about issuing FADVISE_WILLNEED on pages that we will need,
 * but aren't yet in cache, as well as hinting pages not to fall out of
 * cache yet.
 */
void
TransactionIdSetTreeStatus(TransactionId xid, int nsubxids,
                              TransactionId *subxids, XidStatus status, XLogRecPtr lsn)
{
      int               pageno = TransactionIdToPage(xid);        /* get page of parent */
      int               i;

      Assert(status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_COMMITTED ||
               status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_ABORTED);

      /*
       * See how many subxids, if any, are on the same page as the parent, if
       * any.
       */
      for (i = 0; i < nsubxids; i++)
      {
            if (TransactionIdToPage(subxids[i]) != pageno)
                  break;
      }

      /*
       * Do all items fit on a single page?
       */
      if (i == nsubxids)
      {
            /*
             * Set the parent and all subtransactions in a single call
             */
            TransactionIdSetPageStatus(xid, nsubxids, subxids, status, lsn,
                                                   pageno);
      }
      else
      {
            int               nsubxids_on_first_page = i;

            /*
             * If this is a commit then we care about doing this correctly (i.e.
             * using the subcommitted intermediate status).  By here, we know
             * we're updating more than one page of clog, so we must mark entries
             * that are *not* on the first page so that they show as subcommitted
             * before we then return to update the status to fully committed.
             *
             * To avoid touching the first page twice, skip marking subcommitted
             * for the subxids on that first page.
             */
            if (status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_COMMITTED)
                  set_status_by_pages(nsubxids - nsubxids_on_first_page,
                                                subxids + nsubxids_on_first_page,
                                                TRANSACTION_STATUS_SUB_COMMITTED, lsn);

            /*
             * Now set the parent and subtransactions on same page as the parent,
             * if any
             */
            pageno = TransactionIdToPage(xid);
            TransactionIdSetPageStatus(xid, nsubxids_on_first_page, subxids, status,
                                                   lsn, pageno);

            /*
             * Now work through the rest of the subxids one clog page at a time,
             * starting from the second page onwards, like we did above.
             */
            set_status_by_pages(nsubxids - nsubxids_on_first_page,
                                          subxids + nsubxids_on_first_page,
                                          status, lsn);
      }
}

/*
 * Helper for TransactionIdSetTreeStatus: set the status for a bunch of
 * transactions, chunking in the separate CLOG pages involved. We never
 * pass the whole transaction tree to this function, only subtransactions
 * that are on different pages to the top level transaction id.
 */
static void
set_status_by_pages(int nsubxids, TransactionId *subxids,
                              XidStatus status, XLogRecPtr lsn)
{
      int               pageno = TransactionIdToPage(subxids[0]);
      int               offset = 0;
      int               i = 0;

      while (i < nsubxids)
      {
            int               num_on_page = 0;

            while (TransactionIdToPage(subxids[i]) == pageno && i < nsubxids)
            {
                  num_on_page++;
                  i++;
            }

            TransactionIdSetPageStatus(InvalidTransactionId,
                                                   num_on_page, subxids + offset,
                                                   status, lsn, pageno);
            offset = i;
            pageno = TransactionIdToPage(subxids[offset]);
      }
}

/*
 * Record the final state of transaction entries in the commit log for
 * all entries on a single page.  Atomic only on this page.
 *
 * Otherwise API is same as TransactionIdSetTreeStatus()
 */
static void
TransactionIdSetPageStatus(TransactionId xid, int nsubxids,
                                       TransactionId *subxids, XidStatus status,
                                       XLogRecPtr lsn, int pageno)
{
      int               slotno;
      int               i;

      Assert(status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_COMMITTED ||
               status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_ABORTED ||
               (status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_SUB_COMMITTED && !TransactionIdIsValid(xid)));

      LWLockAcquire(CLogControlLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);

      /*
       * If we're doing an async commit (ie, lsn is valid), then we must wait
       * for any active write on the page slot to complete.  Otherwise our
       * update could reach disk in that write, which will not do since we
       * mustn't let it reach disk until we've done the appropriate WAL flush.
       * But when lsn is invalid, it's OK to scribble on a page while it is
       * write-busy, since we don't care if the update reaches disk sooner than
       * we think.
       */
      slotno = SimpleLruReadPage(ClogCtl, pageno, XLogRecPtrIsInvalid(lsn), xid);

      /*
       * Set the main transaction id, if any.
       *
       * If we update more than one xid on this page while it is being written
       * out, we might find that some of the bits go to disk and others don't.
       * If we are updating commits on the page with the top-level xid that
       * could break atomicity, so we subcommit the subxids first before we mark
       * the top-level commit.
       */
      if (TransactionIdIsValid(xid))
      {
            /* Subtransactions first, if needed ... */
            if (status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_COMMITTED)
            {
                  for (i = 0; i < nsubxids; i++)
                  {
                        Assert(ClogCtl->shared->page_number[slotno] == TransactionIdToPage(subxids[i]));
                        TransactionIdSetStatusBit(subxids[i],
                                                              TRANSACTION_STATUS_SUB_COMMITTED,
                                                              lsn, slotno);
                  }
            }

            /* ... then the main transaction */
            TransactionIdSetStatusBit(xid, status, lsn, slotno);
      }

      /* Set the subtransactions */
      for (i = 0; i < nsubxids; i++)
      {
            Assert(ClogCtl->shared->page_number[slotno] == TransactionIdToPage(subxids[i]));
            TransactionIdSetStatusBit(subxids[i], status, lsn, slotno);
      }

      ClogCtl->shared->page_dirty[slotno] = true;

      LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);
}

/*
 * Sets the commit status of a single transaction.
 *
 * Must be called with CLogControlLock held
 */
static void
TransactionIdSetStatusBit(TransactionId xid, XidStatus status, XLogRecPtr lsn, int slotno)
{
      int               byteno = TransactionIdToByte(xid);
      int               bshift = TransactionIdToBIndex(xid) * CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT;
      char     *byteptr;
      char        byteval;
      char        curval;

      byteptr = ClogCtl->shared->page_buffer[slotno] + byteno;
      curval = (*byteptr >> bshift) & CLOG_XACT_BITMASK;

      /*
       * When replaying transactions during recovery we still need to perform
       * the two phases of subcommit and then commit. However, some transactions
       * are already correctly marked, so we just treat those as a no-op which
       * allows us to keep the following Assert as restrictive as possible.
       */
      if (InRecovery && status == TRANSACTION_STATUS_SUB_COMMITTED &&
            curval == TRANSACTION_STATUS_COMMITTED)
            return;

      /*
       * Current state change should be from 0 or subcommitted to target state
       * or we should already be there when replaying changes during recovery.
       */
      Assert(curval == 0 ||
               (curval == TRANSACTION_STATUS_SUB_COMMITTED &&
                  status != TRANSACTION_STATUS_IN_PROGRESS) ||
               curval == status);

      /* note this assumes exclusive access to the clog page */
      byteval = *byteptr;
      byteval &= ~(((1 << CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT) - 1) << bshift);
      byteval |= (status << bshift);
      *byteptr = byteval;

      /*
       * Update the group LSN if the transaction completion LSN is higher.
       *
       * Note: lsn will be invalid when supplied during InRecovery processing,
       * so we don't need to do anything special to avoid LSN updates during
       * recovery. After recovery completes the next clog change will set the
       * LSN correctly.
       */
      if (!XLogRecPtrIsInvalid(lsn))
      {
            int               lsnindex = GetLSNIndex(slotno, xid);

            if (XLByteLT(ClogCtl->shared->group_lsn[lsnindex], lsn))
                  ClogCtl->shared->group_lsn[lsnindex] = lsn;
      }
}

/*
 * Interrogate the state of a transaction in the commit log.
 *
 * Aside from the actual commit status, this function returns (into *lsn)
 * an LSN that is late enough to be able to guarantee that if we flush up to
 * that LSN then we will have flushed the transaction's commit record to disk.
 * The result is not necessarily the exact LSN of the transaction's commit
 * record!  For example, for long-past transactions (those whose clog pages
 * already migrated to disk), we'll return InvalidXLogRecPtr.  Also, because
 * we group transactions on the same clog page to conserve storage, we might
 * return the LSN of a later transaction that falls into the same group.
 *
 * NB: this is a low-level routine and is NOT the preferred entry point
 * for most uses; TransactionLogFetch() in transam.c is the intended caller.
 */
XidStatus
TransactionIdGetStatus(TransactionId xid, XLogRecPtr *lsn)
{
      int               pageno = TransactionIdToPage(xid);
      int               byteno = TransactionIdToByte(xid);
      int               bshift = TransactionIdToBIndex(xid) * CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT;
      int               slotno;
      int               lsnindex;
      char     *byteptr;
      XidStatus   status;

      /* lock is acquired by SimpleLruReadPage_ReadOnly */

      slotno = SimpleLruReadPage_ReadOnly(ClogCtl, pageno, xid);
      byteptr = ClogCtl->shared->page_buffer[slotno] + byteno;

      status = (*byteptr >> bshift) & CLOG_XACT_BITMASK;

      lsnindex = GetLSNIndex(slotno, xid);
      *lsn = ClogCtl->shared->group_lsn[lsnindex];

      LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);

      return status;
}


/*
 * Initialization of shared memory for CLOG
 */
Size
CLOGShmemSize(void)
{
      return SimpleLruShmemSize(NUM_CLOG_BUFFERS, CLOG_LSNS_PER_PAGE);
}

void
CLOGShmemInit(void)
{
      ClogCtl->PagePrecedes = CLOGPagePrecedes;
      SimpleLruInit(ClogCtl, "CLOG Ctl", NUM_CLOG_BUFFERS, CLOG_LSNS_PER_PAGE,
                          CLogControlLock, "pg_clog");
}

/*
 * This func must be called ONCE on system install.  It creates
 * the initial CLOG segment.  (The CLOG directory is assumed to
 * have been created by the initdb shell script, and CLOGShmemInit
 * must have been called already.)
 */
void
BootStrapCLOG(void)
{
      int               slotno;

      LWLockAcquire(CLogControlLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);

      /* Create and zero the first page of the commit log */
      slotno = ZeroCLOGPage(0, false);

      /* Make sure it's written out */
      SimpleLruWritePage(ClogCtl, slotno, NULL);
      Assert(!ClogCtl->shared->page_dirty[slotno]);

      LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);
}

/*
 * Initialize (or reinitialize) a page of CLOG to zeroes.
 * If writeXlog is TRUE, also emit an XLOG record saying we did this.
 *
 * The page is not actually written, just set up in shared memory.
 * The slot number of the new page is returned.
 *
 * Control lock must be held at entry, and will be held at exit.
 */
static int
ZeroCLOGPage(int pageno, bool writeXlog)
{
      int               slotno;

      slotno = SimpleLruZeroPage(ClogCtl, pageno);

      if (writeXlog)
            WriteZeroPageXlogRec(pageno);

      return slotno;
}

/*
 * This must be called ONCE during postmaster or standalone-backend startup,
 * after StartupXLOG has initialized ShmemVariableCache->nextXid.
 */
void
StartupCLOG(void)
{
      TransactionId xid = ShmemVariableCache->nextXid;
      int               pageno = TransactionIdToPage(xid);

      LWLockAcquire(CLogControlLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);

      /*
       * Initialize our idea of the latest page number.
       */
      ClogCtl->shared->latest_page_number = pageno;

      /*
       * Zero out the remainder of the current clog page.  Under normal
       * circumstances it should be zeroes already, but it seems at least
       * theoretically possible that XLOG replay will have settled on a nextXID
       * value that is less than the last XID actually used and marked by the
       * previous database lifecycle (since subtransaction commit writes clog
       * but makes no WAL entry).  Let's just be safe. (We need not worry about
       * pages beyond the current one, since those will be zeroed when first
       * used.  For the same reason, there is no need to do anything when
       * nextXid is exactly at a page boundary; and it's likely that the
       * "current" page doesn't exist yet in that case.)
       */
      if (TransactionIdToPgIndex(xid) != 0)
      {
            int               byteno = TransactionIdToByte(xid);
            int               bshift = TransactionIdToBIndex(xid) * CLOG_BITS_PER_XACT;
            int               slotno;
            char     *byteptr;

            slotno = SimpleLruReadPage(ClogCtl, pageno, false, xid);
            byteptr = ClogCtl->shared->page_buffer[slotno] + byteno;

            /* Zero so-far-unused positions in the current byte */
            *byteptr &= (1 << bshift) - 1;
            /* Zero the rest of the page */
            MemSet(byteptr + 1, 0, BLCKSZ - byteno - 1);

            ClogCtl->shared->page_dirty[slotno] = true;
      }

      LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);
}

/*
 * This must be called ONCE during postmaster or standalone-backend shutdown
 */
void
ShutdownCLOG(void)
{
      /* Flush dirty CLOG pages to disk */
      TRACE_POSTGRESQL_CLOG_CHECKPOINT_START(false);
      SimpleLruFlush(ClogCtl, false);
      TRACE_POSTGRESQL_CLOG_CHECKPOINT_DONE(false);
}

/*
 * Perform a checkpoint --- either during shutdown, or on-the-fly
 */
void
CheckPointCLOG(void)
{
      /* Flush dirty CLOG pages to disk */
      TRACE_POSTGRESQL_CLOG_CHECKPOINT_START(true);
      SimpleLruFlush(ClogCtl, true);
      TRACE_POSTGRESQL_CLOG_CHECKPOINT_DONE(true);
}


/*
 * Make sure that CLOG has room for a newly-allocated XID.
 *
 * NB: this is called while holding XidGenLock.  We want it to be very fast
 * most of the time; even when it's not so fast, no actual I/O need happen
 * unless we're forced to write out a dirty clog or xlog page to make room
 * in shared memory.
 */
void
ExtendCLOG(TransactionId newestXact)
{
      int               pageno;

      /*
       * No work except at first XID of a page.  But beware: just after
       * wraparound, the first XID of page zero is FirstNormalTransactionId.
       */
      if (TransactionIdToPgIndex(newestXact) != 0 &&
            !TransactionIdEquals(newestXact, FirstNormalTransactionId))
            return;

      pageno = TransactionIdToPage(newestXact);

      LWLockAcquire(CLogControlLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);

      /* Zero the page and make an XLOG entry about it */
      ZeroCLOGPage(pageno, true);

      LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);
}


/*
 * Remove all CLOG segments before the one holding the passed transaction ID
 *
 * Before removing any CLOG data, we must flush XLOG to disk, to ensure
 * that any recently-emitted HEAP_FREEZE records have reached disk; otherwise
 * a crash and restart might leave us with some unfrozen tuples referencing
 * removed CLOG data.  We choose to emit a special TRUNCATE XLOG record too.
 * Replaying the deletion from XLOG is not critical, since the files could
 * just as well be removed later, but doing so prevents a long-running hot
 * standby server from acquiring an unreasonably bloated CLOG directory.
 *
 * Since CLOG segments hold a large number of transactions, the opportunity to
 * actually remove a segment is fairly rare, and so it seems best not to do
 * the XLOG flush unless we have confirmed that there is a removable segment.
 */
void
TruncateCLOG(TransactionId oldestXact)
{
      int               cutoffPage;

      /*
       * The cutoff point is the start of the segment containing oldestXact. We
       * pass the *page* containing oldestXact to SimpleLruTruncate.
       */
      cutoffPage = TransactionIdToPage(oldestXact);

      /* Check to see if there's any files that could be removed */
      if (!SlruScanDirectory(ClogCtl, cutoffPage, false))
            return;                             /* nothing to remove */

      /* Write XLOG record and flush XLOG to disk */
      WriteTruncateXlogRec(cutoffPage);

      /* Now we can remove the old CLOG segment(s) */
      SimpleLruTruncate(ClogCtl, cutoffPage);
}


/*
 * Decide which of two CLOG page numbers is "older" for truncation purposes.
 *
 * We need to use comparison of TransactionIds here in order to do the right
 * thing with wraparound XID arithmetic.  However, if we are asked about
 * page number zero, we don't want to hand InvalidTransactionId to
 * TransactionIdPrecedes: it'll get weird about permanent xact IDs.  So,
 * offset both xids by FirstNormalTransactionId to avoid that.
 */
static bool
CLOGPagePrecedes(int page1, int page2)
{
      TransactionId xid1;
      TransactionId xid2;

      xid1 = ((TransactionId) page1) * CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE;
      xid1 += FirstNormalTransactionId;
      xid2 = ((TransactionId) page2) * CLOG_XACTS_PER_PAGE;
      xid2 += FirstNormalTransactionId;

      return TransactionIdPrecedes(xid1, xid2);
}


/*
 * Write a ZEROPAGE xlog record
 */
static void
WriteZeroPageXlogRec(int pageno)
{
      XLogRecData rdata;

      rdata.data = (char *) (&pageno);
      rdata.len = sizeof(int);
      rdata.buffer = InvalidBuffer;
      rdata.next = NULL;
      (void) XLogInsert(RM_CLOG_ID, CLOG_ZEROPAGE, &rdata);
}

/*
 * Write a TRUNCATE xlog record
 *
 * We must flush the xlog record to disk before returning --- see notes
 * in TruncateCLOG().
 */
static void
WriteTruncateXlogRec(int pageno)
{
      XLogRecData rdata;
      XLogRecPtr  recptr;

      rdata.data = (char *) (&pageno);
      rdata.len = sizeof(int);
      rdata.buffer = InvalidBuffer;
      rdata.next = NULL;
      recptr = XLogInsert(RM_CLOG_ID, CLOG_TRUNCATE, &rdata);
      XLogFlush(recptr);
}

/*
 * CLOG resource manager's routines
 */
void
clog_redo(XLogRecPtr lsn, XLogRecord *record)
{
      uint8       info = record->xl_info & ~XLR_INFO_MASK;

      /* Backup blocks are not used in clog records */
      Assert(!(record->xl_info & XLR_BKP_BLOCK_MASK));

      if (info == CLOG_ZEROPAGE)
      {
            int               pageno;
            int               slotno;

            memcpy(&pageno, XLogRecGetData(record), sizeof(int));

            LWLockAcquire(CLogControlLock, LW_EXCLUSIVE);

            slotno = ZeroCLOGPage(pageno, false);
            SimpleLruWritePage(ClogCtl, slotno, NULL);
            Assert(!ClogCtl->shared->page_dirty[slotno]);

            LWLockRelease(CLogControlLock);
      }
      else if (info == CLOG_TRUNCATE)
      {
            int               pageno;

            memcpy(&pageno, XLogRecGetData(record), sizeof(int));

            /*
             * During XLOG replay, latest_page_number isn't set up yet; insert a
             * suitable value to bypass the sanity test in SimpleLruTruncate.
             */
            ClogCtl->shared->latest_page_number = pageno;

            SimpleLruTruncate(ClogCtl, pageno);
      }
      else
            elog(PANIC, "clog_redo: unknown op code %u", info);
}

void
clog_desc(StringInfo buf, uint8 xl_info, char *rec)
{
      uint8       info = xl_info & ~XLR_INFO_MASK;

      if (info == CLOG_ZEROPAGE)
      {
            int               pageno;

            memcpy(&pageno, rec, sizeof(int));
            appendStringInfo(buf, "zeropage: %d", pageno);
      }
      else if (info == CLOG_TRUNCATE)
      {
            int               pageno;

            memcpy(&pageno, rec, sizeof(int));
            appendStringInfo(buf, "truncate before: %d", pageno);
      }
      else
            appendStringInfo(buf, "UNKNOWN");
}

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