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Sourcecode: postgresql-8.4 version File versions

posix_sema.c

/*-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 *
 * posix_sema.c
 *      Implement PGSemaphores using POSIX semaphore facilities
 *
 * We prefer the unnamed style of POSIX semaphore (the kind made with
 * sem_init).  We can cope with the kind made with sem_open, however.
 *
 *
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1996-2009, PostgreSQL Global Development Group
 * Portions Copyright (c) 1994, Regents of the University of California
 *
 * IDENTIFICATION
 *      $PostgreSQL: pgsql/src/backend/port/posix_sema.c,v 1.22 2009/06/11 14:49:00 momjian Exp $
 *
 *-------------------------------------------------------------------------
 */
#include "postgres.h"

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <unistd.h>

#include "miscadmin.h"
#include "storage/ipc.h"
#include "storage/pg_sema.h"


#ifdef USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES
/* PGSemaphore is pointer to pointer to sem_t */
#define PG_SEM_REF(x)   (*(x))
#else
/* PGSemaphore is pointer to sem_t */
#define PG_SEM_REF(x)   (x)
#endif


#define IPCProtection   (0600)      /* access/modify by user only */

static sem_t **mySemPointers; /* keep track of created semaphores */
static int  numSems;                /* number of semas acquired so far */
static int  maxSems;                /* allocated size of mySemaPointers array */
static int  nextSemKey;             /* next name to try */


static void ReleaseSemaphores(int status, Datum arg);


#ifdef USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES

/*
 * PosixSemaphoreCreate
 *
 * Attempt to create a new named semaphore.
 *
 * If we fail with a failure code other than collision-with-existing-sema,
 * print out an error and abort.  Other types of errors suggest nonrecoverable
 * problems.
 */
static sem_t *
PosixSemaphoreCreate(void)
{
      int               semKey;
      char        semname[64];
      sem_t    *mySem;

      for (;;)
      {
            semKey = nextSemKey++;

            snprintf(semname, sizeof(semname), "/pgsql-%d", semKey);

            mySem = sem_open(semname, O_CREAT | O_EXCL,
                                     (mode_t) IPCProtection, (unsigned) 1);

#ifdef SEM_FAILED
            if (mySem != (sem_t *) SEM_FAILED)
                  break;
#else
            if (mySem != (sem_t *) (-1))
                  break;
#endif

            /* Loop if error indicates a collision */
            if (errno == EEXIST || errno == EACCES || errno == EINTR)
                  continue;

            /*
             * Else complain and abort
             */
            elog(FATAL, "sem_open(\"%s\") failed: %m", semname);
      }

      /*
       * Unlink the semaphore immediately, so it can't be accessed externally.
       * This also ensures that it will go away if we crash.
       */
      sem_unlink(semname);

      return mySem;
}
#else                                     /* !USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES */

/*
 * PosixSemaphoreCreate
 *
 * Attempt to create a new unnamed semaphore.
 */
static void
PosixSemaphoreCreate(sem_t * sem)
{
      if (sem_init(sem, 1, 1) < 0)
            elog(FATAL, "sem_init failed: %m");
}
#endif   /* USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES */


/*
 * PosixSemaphoreKill   - removes a semaphore
 */
static void
PosixSemaphoreKill(sem_t * sem)
{
#ifdef USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES
      /* Got to use sem_close for named semaphores */
      if (sem_close(sem) < 0)
            elog(LOG, "sem_close failed: %m");
#else
      /* Got to use sem_destroy for unnamed semaphores */
      if (sem_destroy(sem) < 0)
            elog(LOG, "sem_destroy failed: %m");
#endif
}


/*
 * PGReserveSemaphores --- initialize semaphore support
 *
 * This is called during postmaster start or shared memory reinitialization.
 * It should do whatever is needed to be able to support up to maxSemas
 * subsequent PGSemaphoreCreate calls.    Also, if any system resources
 * are acquired here or in PGSemaphoreCreate, register an on_shmem_exit
 * callback to release them.
 *
 * The port number is passed for possible use as a key (for Posix, we use
 * it to generate the starting semaphore name).  In a standalone backend,
 * zero will be passed.
 *
 * In the Posix implementation, we acquire semaphores on-demand; the
 * maxSemas parameter is just used to size the array that keeps track of
 * acquired semas for subsequent releasing.
 */
void
PGReserveSemaphores(int maxSemas, int port)
{
      mySemPointers = (sem_t **) malloc(maxSemas * sizeof(sem_t *));
      if (mySemPointers == NULL)
            elog(PANIC, "out of memory");
      numSems = 0;
      maxSems = maxSemas;
      nextSemKey = port * 1000;

      on_shmem_exit(ReleaseSemaphores, 0);
}

/*
 * Release semaphores at shutdown or shmem reinitialization
 *
 * (called as an on_shmem_exit callback, hence funny argument list)
 */
static void
ReleaseSemaphores(int status, Datum arg)
{
      int               i;

      for (i = 0; i < numSems; i++)
            PosixSemaphoreKill(mySemPointers[i]);
      free(mySemPointers);
}

/*
 * PGSemaphoreCreate
 *
 * Initialize a PGSemaphore structure to represent a sema with count 1
 */
void
PGSemaphoreCreate(PGSemaphore sema)
{
      sem_t    *newsem;

      /* Can't do this in a backend, because static state is postmaster's */
      Assert(!IsUnderPostmaster);

      if (numSems >= maxSems)
            elog(PANIC, "too many semaphores created");

#ifdef USE_NAMED_POSIX_SEMAPHORES
      *sema = newsem = PosixSemaphoreCreate();
#else
      PosixSemaphoreCreate(sema);
      newsem = sema;
#endif

      /* Remember new sema for ReleaseSemaphores */
      mySemPointers[numSems++] = newsem;
}

/*
 * PGSemaphoreReset
 *
 * Reset a previously-initialized PGSemaphore to have count 0
 */
void
PGSemaphoreReset(PGSemaphore sema)
{
      /*
       * There's no direct API for this in POSIX, so we have to ratchet the
       * semaphore down to 0 with repeated trywait's.
       */
      for (;;)
      {
            if (sem_trywait(PG_SEM_REF(sema)) < 0)
            {
                  if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EDEADLK)
                        break;                  /* got it down to 0 */
                  if (errno == EINTR)
                        continue;         /* can this happen? */
                  elog(FATAL, "sem_trywait failed: %m");
            }
      }
}

/*
 * PGSemaphoreLock
 *
 * Lock a semaphore (decrement count), blocking if count would be < 0
 */
void
PGSemaphoreLock(PGSemaphore sema, bool interruptOK)
{
      int               errStatus;

      /*
       * See notes in sysv_sema.c's implementation of PGSemaphoreLock. Just as
       * that code does for semop(), we handle both the case where sem_wait()
       * returns errno == EINTR after a signal, and the case where it just keeps
       * waiting.
       */
      do
      {
            ImmediateInterruptOK = interruptOK;
            CHECK_FOR_INTERRUPTS();
            errStatus = sem_wait(PG_SEM_REF(sema));
            ImmediateInterruptOK = false;
      } while (errStatus < 0 && errno == EINTR);

      if (errStatus < 0)
            elog(FATAL, "sem_wait failed: %m");
}

/*
 * PGSemaphoreUnlock
 *
 * Unlock a semaphore (increment count)
 */
void
PGSemaphoreUnlock(PGSemaphore sema)
{
      int               errStatus;

      /*
       * Note: if errStatus is -1 and errno == EINTR then it means we returned
       * from the operation prematurely because we were sent a signal.  So we
       * try and unlock the semaphore again. Not clear this can really happen,
       * but might as well cope.
       */
      do
      {
            errStatus = sem_post(PG_SEM_REF(sema));
      } while (errStatus < 0 && errno == EINTR);

      if (errStatus < 0)
            elog(FATAL, "sem_post failed: %m");
}

/*
 * PGSemaphoreTryLock
 *
 * Lock a semaphore only if able to do so without blocking
 */
bool
PGSemaphoreTryLock(PGSemaphore sema)
{
      int               errStatus;

      /*
       * Note: if errStatus is -1 and errno == EINTR then it means we returned
       * from the operation prematurely because we were sent a signal.  So we
       * try and lock the semaphore again.
       */
      do
      {
            errStatus = sem_trywait(PG_SEM_REF(sema));
      } while (errStatus < 0 && errno == EINTR);

      if (errStatus < 0)
      {
            if (errno == EAGAIN || errno == EDEADLK)
                  return false;           /* failed to lock it */
            /* Otherwise we got trouble */
            elog(FATAL, "sem_trywait failed: %m");
      }

      return true;
}

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